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talk的用法和固定搭配

2023-12-09 阅读数:428

talk用作动词有“说话;谈论;谈判;谈心;说服”的意思;用作名词有“谈话;谈判;(非正式)讲话;报告”的意思。常用的固定搭配有talk to sb. about sth和talk about sth. with sb.

speak,tell,talk与say的区别及用法

1.speak(强调说的方式和能力,课后接语言作宾语)。固定搭配有:

speak to sb.(跟某人说话)

speak highly of(高度赞扬)

2.tell(表示“讲述,告诉”,可接双宾语)。固定搭配形式有:

tell sb.sth.(告诉某人某事)

tell sth.to sb.对某人说某事。

tell sb.to do sth.(告诉某人做某事)

tell sb. not to do sth.(告诉某人不做某事)

3.talk(意为交谈,谈话,侧重两者之间相互说话)。固定搭配形式有:

talk to/with sb.(和某人交谈)

talk about sth.(谈论某事)

4.say(表示说话,侧重说话内容,宾语可以是名词,代词或从句)。固定搭配形式有:

say to sb.(对某人说)

say thanks/sorry to sb.(向某人感谢/道歉)

say yes/no to sb.(同意/拒绝某人)

talk to sb. about sth与talk about sth. with sb.

两者的相同点:(意思相同)

talk to sb. about sth. 与某人谈论某事

talk about sth. with sb. 和某人谈论某事

两者的区别:

talk to sb.和某人谈话,侧重单方主动。

talk with sb.和某人交谈,侧重双方互动的交流。talk to有时可以与talk with替换。

talk about sth./sb.讨论关于.的事情/人,是指谈论的内容。